The new 10 most exciting fields of research

The Technology Review (March/April 2007 issue) presents the new 10 most exciting -and most likely to alter industries- fields of research.

Here’s the list, without ranking or importance compared with the 2006 list.

2007 2006
Peering into Video's Future
The Internet is about to drown in digital video. Zhang thinks peer-to-peer networks could come to the rescue.
Comparative Interactomics
By creating maps of the body’s complex molecular interactions, Trey Ideker is providing new ways to find drugs.
Nanocharging Solar
Arthur Nozik believes quantum-dot solar power could boost output in cheap photovoltaics.
James Baker designs nanoparticles to guide drugs directly into cancer cells, which could lead to far safer treatments.
Neuron Control
Karl Deisseroth's genetically engineered "light switch," which lets scientists turn selected parts of the brain on and off, may help improve treatments for depression and other disorders.
Alexander Olek has developed tests to detect cancer early by measuring its subtle DNA changes.
Tiny fibers will save lives by stopping bleeding and aiding recovery from brain injury, says Rutledge Ellis-Behnke.
Cognitive Radio
To avoid future wireless traffic jams, Heather "Haitao" Zheng is finding ways to exploit unused radio spectrum.
Augmented Reality
Markus Kähäri wants to superimpose digital information on the real world.
Nuclear Reprogramming
Hoping to resolve the embryonic-stem-cell debate, Markus Grompe envisions a more ethical way to derive the cells.
Invisible Revolution
Artificially structured metamaterials could transform telecommunications, data storage, and even solar energy, says David R. Smith.
Diffusion Tensor Imaging
Kelvin Lim is using a new brain-imaging method to understand schizophrenia.
Digital Imaging, Reimagined
Richard Baraniuk and Kevin Kelly believe compressive sensing could help devices such as cameras and medical scanners capture images more efficiently.
Universal Authentication
Leading the development of a privacy-protecting online ID system, Scott Cantor is hoping for a safer Internet.
Personalized Medical Monitors
John Guttag says using computers to automate some diagnostics could make medicine more personal.
Pervasive Wireless
Can't all our wireless gadgets just get along? It's a question that Dipankar Raychaudhuri is trying to answer.
A New Focus for Light
Kenneth Crozier and Federico Capasso have created light-focusing optical antennas that could lead to DVDs that hold hundreds of movies.
Can't all our wireless gadgets just get along? It's a question that Dipankar Raychaudhuri is trying to answer.
Single-Cell Analysis
Norman Dovichi believes that detecting minute differences between individual cells could improve medical tests and treatments.
Stretchable Silicon
By teaching silicon new tricks, John Rogers is reinventing the way we use electronics..


Technology Review n° 106

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