09/22/2007

Should Brussels become a city region ? [2]

The attractiveness of the BCR is not limited to work positions. Around fifty percent of the students enrolled in the Brussels Higher Education Institutes are coming from Flanders and Wallonia. For example, 53%, 36% and, 11 % of the students of the Free University of Brussels (the largest French-speaking university of the BCR) are respectively coming from the BCR, Wallonia and Flanders[7]. Its Flemish counter-part (Vrije Universiteit Brussel) reports quite similar figures.

From a social/geographical point of view; Van Hecke recently evaluated the Belgian urban regions. An urban region is a sociological “set” – a quite homogeneous social and economical area – taking into account the housing, the people flow (travel), the work place and the exchanges between the center and the periphery. He pointed out that the Brussels’ urban region in facts covers 62 communes[8].

 © Selon la KUL, la région bruxelloise compte 62 communes. La Libre Belgique Aug 2, 2008. Whithout permission

From a business point of view, similar conclusions can be drawn. When Agoria evaluated the IT business in Belgium, the BCR was considered as the center of the “Senne digital valley”, a virtual construction flowing from Antwerp to Charleroi with 65% of the Belgian work positions of which 30% only in the BCR[9]. Since decades companies are leaving the 19 communes of the BCR for multiple reasons (fiscal benefits, traffic congestion…). They moved their headquarters some kilometers away in order to be located in Flanders or in Wallonia. In reality, nothing has been changed : those companies are still active in the BCR.

The corporate and cultural significance of Brussels stretches far beyond its administrative limit.

<< Part 1                                                                              Part 3 >>

References 

[7] Statistics of the Conseil des Recteurs des institutions universitaires de la Communauté française de Belgique. 2006-2007.This generate an additional inflow of 7500 students.

[8] Selon la KUL, la région bruxelloise compte 62 communes. La Libre Belgique Aug 2, 2008.

[9] Bruxelles, Capitale digitale de l'Europe "The Iris(h) Plan" (2005).

09/21/2007

What Engineers for a competitive Europe ?

SEII

The European Society for Engineers and Industrialists [SEII] organizes the international round table conference

 

What Engineers for a competitive Europe ?
Brussels, November 9-10, 2007

The conference will specially tackle the following topics :
  • What is the European industry expecting from Engineers ?

  • How could Higher Education prepare to meet these needs ?
The conference is aimed at all those having interest in the Engineering profession :
  • Industrial companies and their federations

  • Universities and other institutions of higher education in Engineering

  • Engineers and their representatives

More on >>

18:42 Posted by St Wojcik in News EN | Permalink | Comments (0) | Tags: higher education, engineer |  Facebook |

09/08/2007

Lack of scientists and engineers in Belgium [2]

The lack of new graduated scientists and engineers has been reported since several year (see my post of last year). In 2002, for instance, the number of new graduated was only 20.2% and 17.0% respectively in the Dutch and in the French community versus 26.3% in the EC !

In fact the number of graduate students in Sciences is not decreasing. More, since 1999, the number seems increasing in the French-speaking community of Belgium (see fig.).

18:45 Posted by St Wojcik in News EN | Permalink | Comments (0) |  Facebook |

Growing fields in engineering

The 2008 edition of US News' Best Graduate Schools currently identified two hot areas of engineering for the future...

1. Environmental Engineering - It's a growing field, and engineers are needed to clean up existing pollution problems and prevent future ones.

2. Service Science, Management, and Engineering (SSME) [1] - This emerging discipline is getting a big push from industry, including IBM and Hewlett-Packard. SSME combines engineering, computer science, economics, and management to improve the service sector.

[1] Service Science, Management, and Engineering (SSME) is a term introduced by IBM to describe Services Sciences, an interdisciplinary approach to the study, design, and implementation of services systems – complex systems in which specific arrangements of people and technologies take actions that provide value for others. More precisely, SSME has been defined as the application of science, management, and engineering disciplines to tasks that one organization beneficially performs for and with another. Source : Wikipedia.

More on US News' Best Graduate Schools (2008)

16:10 Posted by St Wojcik in News EN | Permalink | Comments (0) | Tags: engineering, engineer, services science |  Facebook |

09/01/2007

Should Brussels become a city region ? [1]

As a result of the institutional reforms implemented over the past three decades, today Belgium is a Federal State composed by Communities (French Community, Flemish Community and German-speaking Community) and Regions (Wallonia, Brussels-Capital and Flanders).

Since 1989, nine years after Flanders and Wallonia, the Brussels-Capital Region (BCR) is an autonomous region with its own competencies : (1) town and country planning, environment and water policy ; (2) nature conservation, housing ; (3) economy, energy ; (4) local authorities, employment ; (5) public works ; (6) transportation ; (7) external relations ; (8) scientific research. It tooks another 17 years to issue (in 2006), the Brussels’ Innovation plan which has been recently evaluated[1].

Now, what are the next steps needed for the BCR in the knowledge-based economy[2] ?

Capital of Belgium, capital of Flanders and, de facto, capital of Europe, the BCR is the third wealthiest European region with a GDP of € 55.442 per inhabitant – two to three times the GDP of the two others region of Belgium[3]. Like other large cities, the Brussels’ GDP is pushed up by the commuter flow (around 356.000 persons compared to the 1.020.000 inhabitants) to a level that could not be achieved by the resident active population on its own[4]. In fact, the number of salaried workers employed in the BCR is 18 % of the number of salaried workers in Belgium approximately two times the percentage of Brussels’ inhabitants in Belgium[5]. As a result of the commuter flow, only 47 % of the Brussels’ work positions are taken by Brussels’ inhabitants[6].

As a consequence, from a work positions point of view, the BCR cannot be considered as limited to the 19 communes making the administrative region.

Part 2 >>

References

[1] S. Wojcik (2007) - Evaluation of the Brussels-Capital Region Innovation System. Submitted to publication.

[2] The knowledge economy differs from the traditional economy in several key respects : information and knowledge can be shared, and actually grow through application. The effect of location is either diminished, in some economic activities: using appropriate technology and methods, virtual marketplaces and virtual organizations that offer benefits of speed, agility, round the clock operation and global reach can be created, or, on the contrary, reinforced in some other economic fields, by the creation of business clusters around centres of knowledge, such as universities and research centres having reached world-wide excellence [Wikipedia, 2007].

[3] Eurostat News release Feb. 19, 2007.

[4] Using the same ratio, the outflow can be estimated at 35.000 persons.

[5] Mini-Bru. Aperçu statistique de la Région de Bruxelles-Capitale. 2006.

[6] Baromètre conjoncturel de la Région de Bruxelles-Capitale. Juillet 2007. This inflow has another consequence : the BCR’s unemployment rate (around 20%) is two times that of the country. A high unemployment rate, at equal GDP per capita, is a sign of healthier economic conditions. It certainly shows that the productivity is higher, as fewer people generate the same wealth per capita. This also means that salaries (before tax) are higher. As countries with generous unemployment benefits tend to generate more officially unemployed people, it means that the country is rich enough to give all these people a minimum income. This is indeed a sign of wealth. Such a system also greatly help reduce poverty, which is yet another sign of national wealth if the country can afford it.