Last Pro Bruxsel Meeting, Friday June 5, 19:30


" Diversité culturelle et Citoyenneté régionale " 


  1. Mark Dubrulle, Président du Forum Europe des cultures 
  2. Tony Mary, Administrateur du VOKA Brussel et Président de B+ 
  3. Alain Maskens, co-fondateur de Manifesto, auteur et co-auteur de nombreuses publications sur Bruxelles dont les deux manifestes bruxellois
  4. Philippe Van Parijs, Professeur à l’UCL et Harvard, co-initiateur du groupe Pavia et de l'initiative RE-BEL

Modérateur : Derek Blyth, rédacteur en chef de la revue The Bulletin, fin observateur de la vie Bruxelloise.

La conférence-débat se déroulera le vendredi 5 juin à 19:30 heures à l'IHECS rue du Poinçon, à Bruxelles (à 100 mètres du Manneken pis) et sera suivie du verre de l'amitié.

21:57 Posted by St Wojcik in Brussels | Permalink | Comments (0) |  Facebook |


KIS employment in Brussels-Capital Region

" Science, Technology and Innovation in Europe 2008 " published by Eurostat, reveals 7,9% of jobs in Belgium are in Knowledge Intensive Services (KIS(1)).

While overall average in Europe is of 4,8%, Belgium scores best (7.9%) among EU27 countries, leaving behind Ireland (6,8%) and Finland (6,7%). Least best performers are Bulgaria, Austria and Slovakia (3%), with Portugal (2,7%) closing the ranking.

Brussels-Capital Region scores 5th(2) in terms of employment in KIS (51.2%). Among regions, Brussels outperforms neighbouring Utrecht (48.8%), Île de France (46.1%) and even Belgian Vlaams Brabant Region (45,8%).

Brussels employment in KIS is particularly intensive (45,6%)  in areas of air and water transport, post and telecommunication, financial intermediation, rental of equipment and machinery or real estate activities.

(1) Knowledge intensive services (KIS) includes all employment in water transport ; air transport ; post and telecommunications ; financial intermediation ; real estate activities ; renting of machinery and equipment and of personal and household goods ; computer and related activities ; research and development ; other business activities ; education ; health and social work as well as recreational, cultural and sporting activities.

(2) KIS employment represents 51,2% of the Brussels-Capital Region job market, just behind Outer London (51,9%). Top three were Stockholm (56,7%), Inner London (56,6%) and Oslo og Akershus (53,9%).

Source : Eurostat News release 34/2008, March 10, 2008.


Should Brussels become a city region ? [3]

The term ‘city region’ has been in use since about 1950 by urbanists, economists and urban planners to mean not just the administrative area of a recognizable city or conurbation but also its hinterland that will often be far bigger. Conventionally, if one lives in an apparently rural area, suburb or county town where a majority of wage-earners travel into a particular city for a full or part-time job then one is (in effect) residing in the city region [10]. As explained above, this is the Brussels’ existing situation for around 30 % of the persons.

A city region is an official realization that a municipality’s economic, cultural and demographic reach can extend beyond the political or administrative boundaries of the city itself. The role of a city region is clearly pointed out by J. Homan of the Birmingham City Council[11] :

  • The ‘economic’ city : a bigger footprint ;
  • Adding value : a critical mass of people, talent, businesses, transport connections, gateways ;
  • Better joining up of urban assets, e.g. integrating employment, housing and transport ;
  • Providing a strategic urban vision for the long-term ;
  • Twin track approach : improving liveability and competitiveness.

Since several years, many city regions have been created in Europe initially to counterpart the extensive influence of the capital of the country : Barcelona, Bilbao, Bologna, Dublin, Lille, Munich, Randstad, Stuttgart, etc…[12]. One good example – less than 100 kilometers from Brussels - is the Communauté Urbaine de Lille which is today seen as the dynamo driving the whole of the economy of the north east of France[13].

Are citizens ready to this ? A recent web-pool – although such survey cannot be considered as scientifically valid - organized by the French-speaking newspaper Le Soir showed that only 8 % of the responders chosen this option from Brussels [14].

Are politicians ready to this ? Last month the Reformator Party asked the Brussels’ Region Presidency to evaluate the future of Brussels as a “ Communauté Urbaine “[15].

Recently Van Wynsberghe discussed the Brussels metropolis[16]. She proposes minimalist versions , which can be envisaged without requiring institutional reform and without touching the geographical borders of the BCR.

<< Part 2


[10] Wikipedia.

[11] Metrogov : Urbact working group.

[12] More details on the Improvement and Development Agency's (IDeA's) web site.

[13] Lille city was devastated by the collapse of its textile industry in the second half of the last century. This caused crippling unemployment, especially in the immigrant communities that had come to work in the mills. In the late 60s, a citywide authority was set up to reverse its decline. It is elected by the 88 councils covering the built up area; and shares with them both income from local taxes, and powers over transport, economic development and housing. Lille's development is based on two territories: the urban community that groups municipalities and the metropolis that transcends state borders.

A key element in Lille’s transformation was the city leadership’s powers to do deals and ability to overcome parochial local rivalries. The results have been impressive. The centre has been transformed and new office developments; an expanded university and a booming financial services sector have boosted jobs.

[14] On 5182 votes to the question « What kind of future for Brussels in case of scission of Belgium ? [Quel avenir pour Bruxelles en cas de scission de la Belgique ? ]» the answers were : a city region 7.9 %, independency 10.7 %, capital of Brussels 12.5 %, capital of Wallonia 30.6%, an European district 38.3%. Pool Le Soir, September 2007.

[15] Le MR demandeur d’un grand Bruxelles, Le Soir Oct. 16, 2007.

[16] C. Van Wynsberghe - The Brussels metropolis : developments between Lille and Berlin ? Brussels Studies - 5/11/2007.


The Belgian conflict is escalating

Researchers within the EU-funded Peace-Com project have identified the different 'dimensions' of community conflicts and created a monitoring tool that can show whether a conflict is escalating or de-escalating. The Peace-Com project was one of the first in the areas of peace, conflict and human rights to receive funding under the Sixth Framework Programme (FP6).

Started in 2005, the study looked at a variety of situations, from the non-violent clashes between Wallonia and Flanders in Belgium, and involving the Slovene minority in Austria, to the more violent conflict experienced in Northern Ireland and the former Yugoslavia.

The importance of causal factors in Belgian community conflict is shown in the next picture.

    Causal factors in Belgian community conflict - Adapted from Actors of community conflicts Attitudes and opinions

The involvement of actors as dependent variable of potential determinants were grouped in seven groups.

    Involvement of actors in Belgian community conflict - Adapted from Actors of community conflicts Attitudes and opinions

The Belgian first actor includes national, regional and local governments, governmental and opposition parties and, courts. Economic actors/sectors represent agricultural, industrial and service sector, economic lobbies, trade unions and multinationals. Social/political movements, NGOs, religious institutions and, intelligentsia are reported as non-economic civil society actors.

In Belgium, regarding the distinction between formal authority and influence, actors exert their impact from their formal authority positions providing the political tension situation.

The monitoring tool tested on the Belgian case suggests that the conflict is escalating.

More >> Peace-Com

Source : Monitoring community conflict in Europe : PeaceCom. Cordis News 2007-10-01.

17:25 Posted by St Wojcik in Brussels | Permalink | Comments (0) | Tags: belgium, conflict, brussels, flanders, wallonia |  Facebook |


Brand valuation of Brussels

Although Belgium didn’t perform well in the Nations Brand Index (fifteenth position rank with a brand valuation estimated at US$ 456 billion in 2005[1]), Brussels outperformed itself in the first-ever Cities Brand Index (CBI) of major international cities. The Anholt CBI found that New York and Los Angeles rank in the top ten, gaining high marks among global citizens. But Brussels had a higher recognition level than most European cities, with the exception of Rome, London and Paris. Recently the minister of Budget of the Brussels-Capital Region claims the brand valuation of Brussels at US$ 340 billion [2].


Although the valuation methodology is not the same and should not be compared, the top three industrial brands are far lower than cities : Coca-Cola with US$ 67 billion, Microsoft with US$ 56.9 billion and IBM with US$ 56.2 billion [3].


The Belgian airline companies took advantage of the high Brussel’s brand valuation. After the Belgian national carrier collapse (SABENA stood for Société Anonyme Belge d'Exploitation de la Navigation Aérienne), the new carrier took the name of SN Brussels Airlines. In January 2007, the regional Antwerp airport (Flanders) name was changed form ''Antwerp International Airport'' to ''Antwerp Brussels-North Airport' preferring the word “Brussels-North” in place of “International” ! Several decades ago, one of the regional Walloon airports, did the same by choosing “Brussels-South Charleroi Airport” as name.

Logical since " Flanders or Wallonia don't exist in branding terms " says Anholt[4].


[1] The Anholt Nation Brands Index, Fourth quarter 2005.

[2] A bout portant : Vanhengel : « Bruxelles vaut 340 milliards de dollars ! » Le Soir Sept. 19, 2007.

[3] Interbrand’s Best Global Brands, 2006.

[4] Dayfydd ab lago, Belgium’s Dilemma : To be or not to be ? Jul. 10, 2006.

18:29 Posted by St Wojcik in Brussels | Permalink | Comments (0) | Tags: brussels, brand value |  Facebook |

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