Brussels-Capital Region ranked first for HRSTC in Europe

The stock of human resources in science and technology (HRST) can be used as an indicator of the development of the knowledge-based economy in the EU. The core group of this population — known as HRSTC — can be considered as active stakeholders in the development of knowledge and technological innovation. This core group is often well represented in capital regions.

In the 2006 regions ranking with the largest shares of HRSTC among the regional labour force in 2006, Oslo og Akershus (NO) was the region with the highest proportion of HRSTC (33%) among the regional labour force. Stockholm (SE), Province Brabant Wallon (BE), Inner London (UK) and Utrecht (NL) followed with shares of between 27% and 28%. Thirteen of the 25 leading regions were capital regions. Belgian regions were more strongly represented than others.

Considering all economic sectors, the leading region in 2006 was Brussels-Capital Region (BE) with 29.1%. Berlin (DE) and Île de France (FR) followed with shares of 28.3%. In fact, the top eight regions were all capital regions.

More on Highly educated persons in science and technology occupations, Eurostat, 43/2008.


Should Brussels become a city region ? [3]

The term ‘city region’ has been in use since about 1950 by urbanists, economists and urban planners to mean not just the administrative area of a recognizable city or conurbation but also its hinterland that will often be far bigger. Conventionally, if one lives in an apparently rural area, suburb or county town where a majority of wage-earners travel into a particular city for a full or part-time job then one is (in effect) residing in the city region [10]. As explained above, this is the Brussels’ existing situation for around 30 % of the persons.

A city region is an official realization that a municipality’s economic, cultural and demographic reach can extend beyond the political or administrative boundaries of the city itself. The role of a city region is clearly pointed out by J. Homan of the Birmingham City Council[11] :

  • The ‘economic’ city : a bigger footprint ;
  • Adding value : a critical mass of people, talent, businesses, transport connections, gateways ;
  • Better joining up of urban assets, e.g. integrating employment, housing and transport ;
  • Providing a strategic urban vision for the long-term ;
  • Twin track approach : improving liveability and competitiveness.

Since several years, many city regions have been created in Europe initially to counterpart the extensive influence of the capital of the country : Barcelona, Bilbao, Bologna, Dublin, Lille, Munich, Randstad, Stuttgart, etc…[12]. One good example – less than 100 kilometers from Brussels - is the Communauté Urbaine de Lille which is today seen as the dynamo driving the whole of the economy of the north east of France[13].

Are citizens ready to this ? A recent web-pool – although such survey cannot be considered as scientifically valid - organized by the French-speaking newspaper Le Soir showed that only 8 % of the responders chosen this option from Brussels [14].

Are politicians ready to this ? Last month the Reformator Party asked the Brussels’ Region Presidency to evaluate the future of Brussels as a “ Communauté Urbaine “[15].

Recently Van Wynsberghe discussed the Brussels metropolis[16]. She proposes minimalist versions , which can be envisaged without requiring institutional reform and without touching the geographical borders of the BCR.

<< Part 2


[10] Wikipedia.

[11] Metrogov : Urbact working group.

[12] More details on the Improvement and Development Agency's (IDeA's) web site.

[13] Lille city was devastated by the collapse of its textile industry in the second half of the last century. This caused crippling unemployment, especially in the immigrant communities that had come to work in the mills. In the late 60s, a citywide authority was set up to reverse its decline. It is elected by the 88 councils covering the built up area; and shares with them both income from local taxes, and powers over transport, economic development and housing. Lille's development is based on two territories: the urban community that groups municipalities and the metropolis that transcends state borders.

A key element in Lille’s transformation was the city leadership’s powers to do deals and ability to overcome parochial local rivalries. The results have been impressive. The centre has been transformed and new office developments; an expanded university and a booming financial services sector have boosted jobs.

[14] On 5182 votes to the question « What kind of future for Brussels in case of scission of Belgium ? [Quel avenir pour Bruxelles en cas de scission de la Belgique ? ]» the answers were : a city region 7.9 %, independency 10.7 %, capital of Brussels 12.5 %, capital of Wallonia 30.6%, an European district 38.3%. Pool Le Soir, September 2007.

[15] Le MR demandeur d’un grand Bruxelles, Le Soir Oct. 16, 2007.

[16] C. Van Wynsberghe - The Brussels metropolis : developments between Lille and Berlin ? Brussels Studies - 5/11/2007.


The Belgian conflict is escalating

Researchers within the EU-funded Peace-Com project have identified the different 'dimensions' of community conflicts and created a monitoring tool that can show whether a conflict is escalating or de-escalating. The Peace-Com project was one of the first in the areas of peace, conflict and human rights to receive funding under the Sixth Framework Programme (FP6).

Started in 2005, the study looked at a variety of situations, from the non-violent clashes between Wallonia and Flanders in Belgium, and involving the Slovene minority in Austria, to the more violent conflict experienced in Northern Ireland and the former Yugoslavia.

The importance of causal factors in Belgian community conflict is shown in the next picture.

    Causal factors in Belgian community conflict - Adapted from Actors of community conflicts Attitudes and opinions

The involvement of actors as dependent variable of potential determinants were grouped in seven groups.

    Involvement of actors in Belgian community conflict - Adapted from Actors of community conflicts Attitudes and opinions

The Belgian first actor includes national, regional and local governments, governmental and opposition parties and, courts. Economic actors/sectors represent agricultural, industrial and service sector, economic lobbies, trade unions and multinationals. Social/political movements, NGOs, religious institutions and, intelligentsia are reported as non-economic civil society actors.

In Belgium, regarding the distinction between formal authority and influence, actors exert their impact from their formal authority positions providing the political tension situation.

The monitoring tool tested on the Belgian case suggests that the conflict is escalating.

More >> Peace-Com

Source : Monitoring community conflict in Europe : PeaceCom. Cordis News 2007-10-01.

17:25 Posted by St Wojcik in Brussels | Permalink | Comments (0) | Tags: belgium, conflict, brussels, flanders, wallonia |  Facebook |


Brand valuation of Brussels

Although Belgium didn’t perform well in the Nations Brand Index (fifteenth position rank with a brand valuation estimated at US$ 456 billion in 2005[1]), Brussels outperformed itself in the first-ever Cities Brand Index (CBI) of major international cities. The Anholt CBI found that New York and Los Angeles rank in the top ten, gaining high marks among global citizens. But Brussels had a higher recognition level than most European cities, with the exception of Rome, London and Paris. Recently the minister of Budget of the Brussels-Capital Region claims the brand valuation of Brussels at US$ 340 billion [2].


Although the valuation methodology is not the same and should not be compared, the top three industrial brands are far lower than cities : Coca-Cola with US$ 67 billion, Microsoft with US$ 56.9 billion and IBM with US$ 56.2 billion [3].


The Belgian airline companies took advantage of the high Brussel’s brand valuation. After the Belgian national carrier collapse (SABENA stood for Société Anonyme Belge d'Exploitation de la Navigation Aérienne), the new carrier took the name of SN Brussels Airlines. In January 2007, the regional Antwerp airport (Flanders) name was changed form ''Antwerp International Airport'' to ''Antwerp Brussels-North Airport' preferring the word “Brussels-North” in place of “International” ! Several decades ago, one of the regional Walloon airports, did the same by choosing “Brussels-South Charleroi Airport” as name.

Logical since " Flanders or Wallonia don't exist in branding terms " says Anholt[4].


[1] The Anholt Nation Brands Index, Fourth quarter 2005.

[2] A bout portant : Vanhengel : « Bruxelles vaut 340 milliards de dollars ! » Le Soir Sept. 19, 2007.

[3] Interbrand’s Best Global Brands, 2006.

[4] Dayfydd ab lago, Belgium’s Dilemma : To be or not to be ? Jul. 10, 2006.

18:29 Posted by St Wojcik in Brussels | Permalink | Comments (0) | Tags: brussels, brand value |  Facebook |


Should Brussels become a city region ? [2]

The attractiveness of the BCR is not limited to work positions. Around fifty percent of the students enrolled in the Brussels Higher Education Institutes are coming from Flanders and Wallonia. For example, 53%, 36% and, 11 % of the students of the Free University of Brussels (the largest French-speaking university of the BCR) are respectively coming from the BCR, Wallonia and Flanders[7]. Its Flemish counter-part (Vrije Universiteit Brussel) reports quite similar figures.

From a social/geographical point of view; Van Hecke recently evaluated the Belgian urban regions. An urban region is a sociological “set” – a quite homogeneous social and economical area – taking into account the housing, the people flow (travel), the work place and the exchanges between the center and the periphery. He pointed out that the Brussels’ urban region in facts covers 62 communes[8].

 © Selon la KUL, la région bruxelloise compte 62 communes. La Libre Belgique Aug 2, 2008. Whithout permission

From a business point of view, similar conclusions can be drawn. When Agoria evaluated the IT business in Belgium, the BCR was considered as the center of the “Senne digital valley”, a virtual construction flowing from Antwerp to Charleroi with 65% of the Belgian work positions of which 30% only in the BCR[9]. Since decades companies are leaving the 19 communes of the BCR for multiple reasons (fiscal benefits, traffic congestion…). They moved their headquarters some kilometers away in order to be located in Flanders or in Wallonia. In reality, nothing has been changed : those companies are still active in the BCR.

The corporate and cultural significance of Brussels stretches far beyond its administrative limit.

<< Part 1                                                                              Part 3 >>


[7] Statistics of the Conseil des Recteurs des institutions universitaires de la Communauté française de Belgique. 2006-2007.This generate an additional inflow of 7500 students.

[8] Selon la KUL, la région bruxelloise compte 62 communes. La Libre Belgique Aug 2, 2008.

[9] Bruxelles, Capitale digitale de l'Europe "The Iris(h) Plan" (2005).

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