How to Measure Innovation

Ernest Beck reported in BusinessWeek, July 16, 2008, the National Endowment for Science, Technology & the Arts [NESTA], the independent British organization, is working on a new index to assess the state of innovation within specific industries.

" Since the 1970s, Britain's economy has made a dramatic shift from manufacturing to services, ranging from banking and finance to advertising and film production. But to date there's been no way to take stock of how innovative the companies and the industries actually are. Traditional methods of measuring innovation, such as the level of investment in research and development, don't tell the entire story.

" In an effort to more adequately measure innovation — and its impact on Britain's entire economy — NESTA, a nonprofit organization that promotes innovation, wants to create a new index, one that will be industry-specific and include what NESTA Executive Director Richard Halkett calls the changing, unreported face of innovation. "

NESTA's new Innovation Index is due in 2010.

More on >> BusinessWeek Jul.16, 2008.

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Brussels-Capital Region ranked first for HRSTC in Europe

The stock of human resources in science and technology (HRST) can be used as an indicator of the development of the knowledge-based economy in the EU. The core group of this population — known as HRSTC — can be considered as active stakeholders in the development of knowledge and technological innovation. This core group is often well represented in capital regions.

In the 2006 regions ranking with the largest shares of HRSTC among the regional labour force in 2006, Oslo og Akershus (NO) was the region with the highest proportion of HRSTC (33%) among the regional labour force. Stockholm (SE), Province Brabant Wallon (BE), Inner London (UK) and Utrecht (NL) followed with shares of between 27% and 28%. Thirteen of the 25 leading regions were capital regions. Belgian regions were more strongly represented than others.

Considering all economic sectors, the leading region in 2006 was Brussels-Capital Region (BE) with 29.1%. Berlin (DE) and Île de France (FR) followed with shares of 28.3%. In fact, the top eight regions were all capital regions.

More on Highly educated persons in science and technology occupations, Eurostat, 43/2008.


The OECD Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard 2007

Published every two years, the OECD Science, Technology and Industry (STI) Scoreboard brings together over 200 internationally comparable quality indicators to explore the progress of national innovation strategies and recent developments in science, technology and industry.

Its goal is to inform policy makers on questions of high policy interest, including:

  • The international mobility of researchers and scientists
  • The growth of the information economy
  • Innovation by regions and industries
  • Innovation strategies by companies
  • The internationalisation of research
  • The changing role of multinational enterprises
  • New patterns in trade competitiveness and productivity

The OECD Science, Technology and Industry (STI) Scoreboard 2007
By providing a wide array of indicators for policy analysis, the STI Scoreboard has become a widely used reference which combines statistical rigour with easy access and readability. The key findings are presented as bullet points alongside graphs highlighting the relative importance of countries. In addition, brief technical notes provide further methodological details on the indicators, along with links to useful references and data sources.

Regarding innovation and economic performance, large firms tend to introduce more novel innovations than small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). For product innovation, this ranges from more than 50% of all large firms having introduced a new-to-market innovation in Iceland, Austria and Luxembourg [44% in Belgium], to less than 20% in Australia, Germany and some of the recent EU member countries.

More on OECD Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard 2007.

18:06 Posted by St Wojcik in News EN | Permalink | Comments (0) | Tags: innovation, technology, belgium |  Facebook |


The new 10 most exciting fields of research

The Technology Review (March/April 2007 issue) presents the new 10 most exciting -and most likely to alter industries- fields of research.

Here’s the list, without ranking or importance compared with the 2006 list.

2007 2006
Peering into Video's Future
The Internet is about to drown in digital video. Zhang thinks peer-to-peer networks could come to the rescue.
Comparative Interactomics
By creating maps of the body’s complex molecular interactions, Trey Ideker is providing new ways to find drugs.
Nanocharging Solar
Arthur Nozik believes quantum-dot solar power could boost output in cheap photovoltaics.
James Baker designs nanoparticles to guide drugs directly into cancer cells, which could lead to far safer treatments.
Neuron Control
Karl Deisseroth's genetically engineered "light switch," which lets scientists turn selected parts of the brain on and off, may help improve treatments for depression and other disorders.
Alexander Olek has developed tests to detect cancer early by measuring its subtle DNA changes.
Tiny fibers will save lives by stopping bleeding and aiding recovery from brain injury, says Rutledge Ellis-Behnke.
Cognitive Radio
To avoid future wireless traffic jams, Heather "Haitao" Zheng is finding ways to exploit unused radio spectrum.
Augmented Reality
Markus Kähäri wants to superimpose digital information on the real world.
Nuclear Reprogramming
Hoping to resolve the embryonic-stem-cell debate, Markus Grompe envisions a more ethical way to derive the cells.
Invisible Revolution
Artificially structured metamaterials could transform telecommunications, data storage, and even solar energy, says David R. Smith.
Diffusion Tensor Imaging
Kelvin Lim is using a new brain-imaging method to understand schizophrenia.
Digital Imaging, Reimagined
Richard Baraniuk and Kevin Kelly believe compressive sensing could help devices such as cameras and medical scanners capture images more efficiently.
Universal Authentication
Leading the development of a privacy-protecting online ID system, Scott Cantor is hoping for a safer Internet.
Personalized Medical Monitors
John Guttag says using computers to automate some diagnostics could make medicine more personal.
Pervasive Wireless
Can't all our wireless gadgets just get along? It's a question that Dipankar Raychaudhuri is trying to answer.
A New Focus for Light
Kenneth Crozier and Federico Capasso have created light-focusing optical antennas that could lead to DVDs that hold hundreds of movies.
Can't all our wireless gadgets just get along? It's a question that Dipankar Raychaudhuri is trying to answer.
Single-Cell Analysis
Norman Dovichi believes that detecting minute differences between individual cells could improve medical tests and treatments.
Stretchable Silicon
By teaching silicon new tricks, John Rogers is reinventing the way we use electronics..


Technology Review n° 106

13:58 Posted by St Wojcik in Technology | Permalink | Comments (0) | Tags: technology, research |  Facebook |



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